Cara Membersihkan Paru-paru Hanya dalam Waktu 3 Hari

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Cara Membersihkan Paru Paru

Paru-paru merupakan salah satu organ penting pada tubuh yang berfungsi sebagai alat pernafasan. Paru-paru terletak di bawah tulang rusuk yang memiliki tugas yang sangat berat, apabila yang dihirup adalah udara kotor yang mengandung polutan maka paru-paru akan menjadi kotor.

Paru-paru kotor merupakan salah satu penyebab dari timbulnya berbagai macam penyakit, salah satunya adalah kanker paru-paru. Saat ini, penyebab terbesar kanker paru-paru adalah rokok. Rokok bersifat candu, jika seseorang sudah kecanduan rokok maka aktifitas merokok akan menjadi kebutuhan rutin. Selain rokok, tentu masih banyak penyebab lain yang bisa menjadikan paru-paru anda menjadi kotor termasuk diantaranya polusi udara yang dihasilkan dari mesin kendaraan.

Bagaimana cara membersihkan dan memurnikan kembali paru-paru? Berikut ini beberapa tips untuk memurnikan paru-paru Anda yang bisa anda coba hanya dalam waktu 72 jam atau 3 hari saja.

Pertama-tama, jauhi semua produk makanan yang mengandung susu dari menu harian anda. Hal ini diperlukan untuk memperlancar proses pembersihan toxin dari dalam tubuh selama menjalani tips ini.

Pada hari pertama, minum secangkir teh herbal atau teh hijau sebelum tidur. Ini akan melepaskan semua racun yang terkandung di usus. Tapi, tolong diingat, selama menjalani proses pemurnian paru-paru, Anda tidak boleh melakukan pekerjaan berat, dan jangan membebani paru-paru anda denga aktifitas menahan nafas berlama-lama atau meniup balon hingga merasa kelelahan.

Pagi hari sebelum sarapan, minumlah 300 ml air perasan lemon yang dicampur dengan sedikit air. Jika Anda tidak menyukai rasa lemon, anda bisa menggantinya dengan jus nanas. Kedua buah ini mengandung antioksidan alami yang meningkatkan sistem pernapasan.

Setelah makan siang minum 400 ml jus buah yang mengandung banyak kalium. Buah yang kaya akan kalium diantaranya: kurma, alpukat, pepaya, pisang, dan apricot. Kalium bertindak sebagai tonik pembersih yang besar pengaruhnya.
Malam harinya, minum 400 ml jus cranberry sebelum tidur, yang akan membantu Anda dalam memerangi bakteri yang dapat menyebabkan infeksi di paru-paru selama anda tidur.

Aktifitas pemurnian paru-paru ini bisa anda mulai dari pagi hari dengan mengikuti rutinitas yang disebutkan di atas. Lakukan minimal selama selama 3 hari atau 72 jam dan rasakan hasilnya. Semoga bermanfaat.

 

What is DIS, CCD and CMOS

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Well, this article is one of the most annoying article of mine. it takes me almost 2 weeks of research in order to find a good source of information out there. OK, I am going to explain to you what is the difference of DIS, CCD, and CMOS.

DIS (Digital Image Stabilization) is technology of the image sensor to reduce the blur image due to vibrations at the camera, which is used to happen when installing the camera to area that have a lot of vibration such as : at traffic road, at rail station, Airport, Seaport, etc. It compares video data from recorded images to detect shaking camera movement, most often from wind.

The camera creates a pixel buffer by recording extra pixels outside of the visible frame. When the camera vibrates or shakes, the camera shifts the visible frame to reduce the jarring effect on the video image.

DIS and no DIS sampe Image

CCD is called (Charged Coupling Devices) and CMOS is (Complimentary Metal Oxide Semiconductor), both are the image sensor chips installed on a camera, such as : CCTV, Digital Cameras, Video Camera.

CCD is known for its better quality on images than video shooting. and it is more popular in general environment.. often used in low-cost low-power cellphone cameras. There is lot of discussion of the CCD and CMOS. Some sources say that CCD is more costly in producing due to they require special manufacturing.[divider]. but some says that CCD is cheaper because of CMOS also requires companion chips to improve the image quality although many people says that CMOS fabrication costs from the reuse of mainstream logic and memory device fabrication.

ccd-vs-cmos

Advantage of CCD :

* Conversion takes place in the chip without distortion
* CCDs have very high uniformity – Technique for HD quality images (not videos)
* These sensors are more sensitive – Produce Better Images in Low Light
* CCD sensors produce cleaner and less grainy Images – low-noise images
* CCD sensors is produced for longer period of time
* CCDs have traditionally provided the performance benchmarks in the photographic, scientific, and industrial applications that demand the highest image quality (as measured in quantum efficiency and noise) at the expense of system size

Disadvantage of CCD :
* CCD sensors Consume much more
* CCDs are Inferior HD Video – Less pixel
* CCDs are expensive as they require special manufacturing.[divider]

Advantage of CMOS :
* CMOS consumes less
* CMOS sensors are cheaper
* These Sensors produce better HD ; CMOS imagers offer more integration (more functions on the chip), lower power dissipation (at the chip level), and the possibility of smaller system size, but they have often required tradeoffs between image quality and device cost
* CMOS cameras are used on Phones, Tablets,
* CMOS imager clearly has better performance

Disadvantage of
* CMOS sensors are also more susceptible – sometimes images are
* CMOS sensors need more light for better image

Notes : to clarify the cost points that CCD sensor is more expensive than CMOS. but to summarize the cost of production which CMOS is generally required the companion chips to improve the image quality, and in any way CCDs are more mature and optimized which cause them to efficiently reduce the complexity of production and the cost.

Difference of progressive scan and interlaced scan on video resolution

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There are little confusing information about resolution found as 720p, 1080i, 1080p. To be simple told P means Progressive Scan, and “i” means Interlaced scan.

Progressive scan is technology in video resolution to transmit video signal from hardware to the output as full combined frame.

Progressive scanning might require more bandwidth than basic interlaced scanning, but it simplifies the transmission of video by doing away with the need for deinterlacing. It also improves video quality by sending complete frames rather than segmented parts.

One problem that can arise with progressive scanning, however, is that objects moving continuously through the camera scene, such as a car, can appear to flicker. Since each line of the image is scanned every sixtieth of a second, there is a brief gap of time between frames that does not account for objects moving unremittingly. However, modern television and computer screens overcome this problem by using a practice called pull-down sequencing, in which frames are repeated when necessary to ensure a smooth and accurate viewing experience.

There are two main flavors of high definition TV, 1080i (the i is for interlaced) and 720p (p for progressive). 1080i offers the most pixels, with a matrix of 1920×1080 pixels, while 720p has fewer pixels at 1280×720 pixels. However, the difference is made up with the frame rate, which is only 30 frames per second with 1080i, but is double that with 720p, at 60 frames per second. The total pixels displayed per second is actually very similar, with 720p offering 55 million pixels per second, while 1080 is slightly higher at 62 million pixels per second.

What does all that mean? It all depends on the type of TV you watch. 720p is better at showing pictures with plenty of motion, since the higher frame rate helps smooth any quick motion on the screen – this is better for sports or action movies. 1080i offers more detail, which is for movies with lots of images or panoramas.

The best of all is the 1080p option. It offers the best of both world, 60 frames per second at 1920 x 1080 pixels. The toal bandwidth is 124 million pixels per second, double that of 1080i. It can display any HDTV signal without any downconverting. 720p signals are upconverted, while 1080i signals only require some gently “de-interlacing” to work properly. 1080p is the perferred option is possible – its backwards compatible with all old formats, and is ready for upcoming high definition discs.

Typical Resolution in CCTV

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The resolution of a surveillance camera’s image is measured in the number of pixels contained in the image. The higher the number of pixels, the more detail in the image. Higher resolution images give you the ability to zoom into the image to see fine detail.

Typical Resolutions

  • VGA: 640 x 480
  • D1: 720 x 480
  • Full D1 (FD1), 960H: 960 x 480
  • 720p: 1280×720
  • 1.3 MegaPixel: 1280×1024
  • 1080p, 2.1 MegaPixel: 1920×1080

Comparison

(Images are for illustrative purposes only and are not actual camera images)

Comparison of Security Camera Resolution

A 1080p image has more than 6 times the number of pixels as a VGA image.

What is TVL Resolution ?

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Television Lines or TV Lines. A horizontal measurement of how fine a detail from a scene can be resolved on a display. Expressed as a number, eg. 380TVL, it relates to an equivalent number of equally spaced black and white vertical lines across the viewing screen.

For example, if a camera was pointing at railings in a park and there were 420 railings across the width of the image, you would need a 420TVL camera to be able to count all the vertical railings.

TVL is commonly confused with the number of Video Lines on a screen, ie 625 for PAL (and the other HD formats 720, 1080i etc.)

Lenses, cameras, recorders and monitors have a TVL ratings and should be considered as a total system.

VL – Video lines. The number of horizontal scan lines in an images.

Analog surveillance video resolution is measured in terms of broadcast TV lines as viewed on a monitor screen. Video quality is charted with converging lines of higher and higher density. The TVL resolution number is the line density where the camera is no longer able to reproduce individual lines. The higher this number is, the better the picture.

Example:

TVL Example

The digital recording resolution can be expressed in effective pixel dimensions.

Typical pixel dimensions:

480 TVL 510 x 492
600 TVL 768 x 494
650 TVL 811 x 508
700 TVL 976 x 582

 

what is the Difference between HD and Full HD

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What is High Definition Television (HDTV)?

High Definition Television (or HDTV) refers to an image having a resolution substantially higher than traditional television systems, eg CRT TV (576 lines). High definition (HD) is at the top of the digital television (DTV) spectrum.

(The Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC) divided HD into three categories listed in two different forms – ‘number of lines + type of scan’ or ‘number of pixels’ (vertical by horizontal).)
A Breakdown of the HD formats :

– 720p ( 720×1280 – 720 lines, progressive scanned)
– 1080i (1080×1920 – 1,080 lines, interlaced scanned)
– 1080p (1080×1920 – 1,080 lines, progressive scanned)

The number of lines/pixels and type of scan matters because more lines/pixels and faster scan equals a better picture.

High Definition vs Full High Definition

High Definition

The Line count is below 1080 going up the screen but more then 576 lines. Both Interlaced and Progressive Scans are possible for HD images.

Full High Definition

The line count is 1080 going up the screen.

HD vs Full HD
An example of the picture you may get with each signal.

High Definition

There are 5 requirements to enjoy the HDTV experience:

1. A UHF aerial
2. An HD capable digital terrestrial receiver
3. An HD capable Television (at least 1280 x 720 resolution)
4. An HDCP compliant input
5. A HDMI cable

Differences between Composite, S-video, Component, and other sources

Composite/RCA
This is the worst possible connection you can use. If your set supports S-video, please use it. Composite basically ties every signal into one cable and throws it at the set.

S-video
A huge upgrade from Composite. Basically the colour separation is done within the same cable, but has its own dedicated line. Every small wire that connects to the S-video female port carries its own signal for richer colour separation and less signal degradation.

Component
If you have a set that has component but does not support progressive scan, the improvement is minimal. You may as well stay with S-video. If you have a set that supports progressive scan however, switch to Component and start using 480p.

Scart
A common standard for European AV connections. Capable of carrying high resolution input and output signals through a single cable. A SCART connection typically has a 21–pin connector and is most commonly used in New Zealand as a link between digital satellite set-top boxes and compatible televisions or DVD recorders.

HDMI
A new digital connection that can carry the audio and the video in the same connection. Purely digital. For standard length cables the cost does not show any major change in quality. There is only a change in quality when the cables are more then 3 metres.

Other terminology to know

HDCP – High Definition Content Protection
Used to encrypt the signal from the source to the receiver. Intended to protect content not copy protection.

HDMI – High Definition Multimedia Interface
The High-Definition Multimedia (HDMI) is a connection system for digital video and audio that transmits signals, without deterioration, to achieve very high audio and video quality. HDMI carries a full 1080p signal to connect digital sources such as set-top boxes, Blue-Ray Disc players, personal computers, video game consoles, and AV receivers to compatible digital audio devices, video monitors, and digital televisions.

HDTV – High-Definition Television
HDTV offers wider pictures with greater detail and the clarity of motion pictures and has a significantly higher resolution than traditional formats.

HD READY
This indicates that the set is capable of displaying a high-definition picture that is provided from some tuning device or set-box that is external to the set itself.

INTERLACED SCAN
Interlacing is how standard TV is broadcast with the picture information sent in two parts, the odd lines first, then the even. With this being done 50 times a second, the human eye blends the lines together to form one image.

PROGRESSIVE SCAN
Progressive scan displays the entire video frame in a single sweep at 50/60 frames per second. You do need an HDTV ready TV for progressive scan viewing. Progressive-scan picture quality is more film-like, with more fine detail and less flicker.

PIXEL
The smallest element of a picture on a TV. A single dot that can be changed in colour or brightness to according to the portion of the whole picture.

RESOLUTION
A small monitor may have a resolution of 640 x 480, which means that there are 640 pixels horizontally across the screen and 480 pixels vertically. Some other common monitor resolutions are 800 x 600, 1024 x 763, 1280 x 1024, 1366 x 768 and 1920 x 1080.

Ingress Protection (IP) Ratings Explanation

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IP Rated Enclosures Explained

What is an IP rating?

I was confused when listen to people conversation or look at some specification details on a CCTV brochure that said “box ip65, box ip66, box ip67, box ip68”. So this is my referenced article to explain it clearly.. thanks to http://www.euroboxenclosures.co.uk/ for the article.

IP (or “Ingress Protection”) ratings are defined in international standard EN 60529 (British BS EN 60529:1992, European IEC 60509:1989). They are used to define levels of sealing effectiveness of electrical enclosures against intrusion from foreign bodies (tools, dirt etc) and moisture.

What do the numbers in an IP Rating mean?

The numbers that follow IP each have a specific meaning. The first indicates the degree of protection (of people) from moving parts, as well as the protection of enclosed equipment from foreign bodies. The second defines the protection level that the enclosure enjoys from various forms of moisture (drips, sprays, submersion etc). The tables below should help make sense of it:

IP Rated Enclosures – quick find chart
A number replaced by x indicates that the enclosure is not rated for that spec.
First Digit (intrusion protection)
0 No special protection
1 Protection from a large part of the body such as a hand (but no protection from deliberate access); from solid objects greater than 50mm in diameter.
2 Protection against fingers or other object not greater than 80mm in length and 12mm in diameter.
3 Protection from entry by tools, wires etc, with a diameter of 2.5 mm or more.
4 Protection against solid bodies larger than 1mm (eg fine tools/small etc).
5 Protected against dust that may harm equipment.
6 Totally dust tight.
Second Digit (moisture protection)
0 No protection.
1 Protection against condensation.
2 Protection against water droplets deflected up to 15° from vertical
3 Protected against spray up to 60° from vertical.
4 Protected against water spray from all directions.
5 Protection against low pressure water jets (all directions)
6 Protection against string water jets and waves.
7 Protected against temporary immersion.
8 Protected against prolonged effects of immersion under pressure.

Our range

While we cover a huge range of electrical enclosures, our most common IP ratings are probably 65, 66, 67 and 68. So for quick reference, these are defined below:

  • IP65 Enclosure – IP rated as “dust tight” and protected against water projected from a nozzle.
  • IP66 Enclosure – IP rated as “dust tight” and protected against heavy seas or powerful jets of water.
  • IP 67 Enclosures – IP rated as “dust tight” and protected against immersion.
  • IP 68 Enclosures – IP rated as “dust tight” and protected against complete, continuous submersion in water.

General Type of Video Resolution in CCTV

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There are lot of misunderstanding knowing about kind of video resolutions which are used in CCTV. This is my post to clarify and help others to more understand about it.

Resolution is the size of the image on the display. The most popular resolutions are D1 or 4CIF (720×480), and CIF (352×240). Nearly all DVRs will display in D1 or 4CIF but CIF is a more popular recording resolution. D1 and 4CIF are larger images, but to record the larger image takes up more hard drive space. In addition, most DVRs need to lower the frame rate dramatically when using these resolutions for recording. A DVR that records at 30 frames per second (real time) in CIF mode will usually only record around 7 frames per second in D1 or 4CIF. For a DVR to record at 30 frames per second in D1 or 4CIF mode requires special firmware which makes these units very expensive, however improvements in technology has now made these units more affordable. We now have a few models (QT518, QT5116, and QT528) that can record in D1 resolution at 30FPS (real time) at affordable prices.

Format_____Video Resolution
CIF/SIF(525)___352 x 240
CIF/SIF(625)___352 × 288
4CIF/4SIF(525)_704 x 480
4CIF/4SIF(625)_704 × 576
D1(525)_______720 x 480
D1(625)_______720 x 576

* Sometimes 4SIF/4CIF is specified the same as VGA, which is 640 x 480 / 640 x 576 or is popular called as D1 also.
D1 (525) means 525 TVL 720 x 480 in NTSC
D1 (625) means 625 TVL 720 x 576 is in PAL
* There is also 1/2 frame or 2CIF, which is based on removing the odd or even fields and is usually specified as either 640 x 240 or thereabouts.

CIF (Common Intermediate Format), also known as FCIF (Full Common Intermediate Format), is a format used to standardize the horizontal and vertical resolutions in pixels ofYCbCr sequences in video signals, commonly used in video teleconferencing systems. It was first proposed in the H.261 standard.

CIF was designed to be easy to convert to PAL or NTSC standards. CIF defines a video sequence with a resolution of 352 × 288 like PAL Source Input Format, a framerate of 30000/1001 (roughly 29.97) frames like NTSC, with colour encoded using YCbCr 4:2:0.

QCIF means “Quarter CIF”. To have one fourth of the area, as “quarter” implies, the height and width of the frame are halved.

Terms also used are SQCIF (Sub Quarter CIF, sometimes subQCIF), 4CIF (4× CIF) and 16CIF (16× CIF). The resolutions for all of these formats are summarized in the table below.

Format Video Resolution
SQCIF 128 × 96
QCIF 176 × 144
SCIF 256 x 192
SIF(525) 352 x 240
CIF/SIF(625) 352 × 288
4SIF(525) 704 x 480
4CIF/4SIF(625) 704 × 576
16CIF 1408 × 1152
DCIF 528 × 384

 

xCIF pixels are not square, instead having a native aspect ratio of ~1.222:1. On older television systems, a pixel aspect ratio of 1.2:1 was the standard for 525-line systems (seeCCIR 601). On square-pixel displays (computer screens, many modern televisions) xCIF rasters should be rescaled horizontally by ~109% to 4:3 in order to avoid a “stretched” look: CIF content expanded horizontally by ~109% results in a 4:3 raster of 384 × 288 square pixels.

The CIF “image sizes” were specifically chosen to be multiples of macroblocks (i.e. 16 × 16 pixels) because of the way that discrete cosine transform based video compression/decompression is handled. So, by example, a CIF-size image (352 × 288) corresponds to 22 × 18 macroblocks.

SIF (Source Input Format) is practically identical to CIF, but taken from MPEG-1 rather than ITU standards. SIF on 525-Line (“NTSC”) based systems is 352 × 240, and on 625-line (“PAL”) based systems, it is identical to CIF (352 × 288). SIF and 4SIF are commonly used in certain video conferencing systems.

DCIF means Double CIF, proposed as a compromise resolution between CIF and 4CIF that is more balanced (in terms of horizontal vs vertical resolution) and suited to common CCTV equipment (with 480+ scanlines but a maximum of about 560 TVL) than 2CIF (704×288). The pixel and therefore data rate is exactly double that of CIF [1], but the 1:1.375 image aspect ratio is a lot closer to standard 4:3, with essentially square pixels.